The Women Pirates
Many people know of such names as Henry Morgan,Edward“Blackbeard ”Teach, Barbarossa, Jean Lafitte ,and William Kidd2, the pirates of the seventeenthand eighteenth centuries. But few have heard of thewomen pirates Catalina de Eranzo, Mary Read, andAnne Bonney. Each of these women was a roughand rugged pirate captain.
Catalina de Eranzo was a Spanish noble woman. The only daughter of a rich ship owner, shewas a spoiled child. She learned a great deal from her brothers. Navigation was easy for her.She learned to sail any kind of vessel. Besides being a fine rider3, she was also a good shotwith a pistol4 , and could handle a blunderbuss5, a sword6, or a dagger. 7
When her father’s second wife made her go into a convent, Catalina revolted . She clipped8 herhair, put on men’s clothes, and hopped over9 the convent10 wall.
Catalina made her way11 to the coast where she found a ship going to Brazil. She signed on asa navigator. When a mutiny12 broke out, she was able to take over the vessel.
After a trip of several months’piracy, the ship was wrecked on the coast of Peru. Dressed as apirate , Catalina went to see her brother Michael, who was a captain in the army. She couldn’ttell him who she was. She was afraid of what the Inquisition might do to him for hiding her.Instead, she joined her brother’s company and served under him for three years.
Later, she signed on a pirate ship as navigator. When the captain was killed, she took over andled the crew.
Catalina de Eranzo was finally captured. She and her crew were sentenced to hang. She wassaved at the last minute when it was proved she never attacked Spanish ships, but helpedwhen they were in trouble .
. .. The days of pirates and buried treasure are gone. We remember those days as a colorfultime in history, but no one is sorry that piracy is a thing of the past.
Ⅰ. The following a re the explanations of the words in the passage , and try to fin d the correctwords:
1 . person on a ship who attacks and robs other ships at sea ———
2 . rebellion against lawful authority, especially by soldiers or sailors———
3 . people work on a ship, an aircraft, etc ———
4 . ( of a person) move by jumping on one foot———
5 . ship or boat, especially a large one———
Ⅱ. Question :
Do you think the days of pirates are exciting? Try to say something about it.
Ⅰ. 1. pirate 2. mutiny 3. crew 4. hop 5. vessel Ⅱ. （ 略）
大多数人都听说过亨利· 摩根、爱得华·“ 黑胡子”· 蒂奇、巴尔巴罗萨、让· 拉菲特、威廉· 基德。这些人都是17和18世纪的海盗。但是，几乎无人听说过女海盗凯特琳娜· 德· 伊兰索、玛莉· 里德和安妮· 邦妮。她们个个都是粗野的海盗头儿。
凯特琳娜· 德· 伊兰索原本是西班牙贵族小组。她是一位富有船主的唯一的女儿，从小就被宠坏了。她跟着哥哥们学了许多本领。航海对她而言是轻而易举的事。凯特琳娜学过驾驶各种各样的船只。她不仅是优秀的舵手，也是神枪手，会熟练地使用手枪、老式大口径短枪、剑及匕首。
后来，她又签约做了一艘海盗船上的领航员。船长被杀之后，她接管并领导了所有船 员。凯特琳娜· 德· 伊兰索最终被捕，她和船员都被判处了绞刑。临刑前， 事实证明她根本就没有袭击西班牙船只，而是在他们陷入困境时施以援手，她这才得救。海盗及藏宝的时代已一去不复返。人们只是将历史上那段多彩的时光留在了记忆中，但是谁也不会因海上劫掠已成往事而感到遗憾。