英语六级阅读模拟题及答案18下载

贡献者:09137225009 分享于:2016-5-2属性:四六级保存到手机分享

A Rich King Of Old Egypt

The kings of old Egypt were very rich and powerful,and their tombs tell much about their lives.Archeologists2 have looked for these tombs formany years. One man — Lord Carnarvon of England— was not an archeologist. But he was very muchinterested in the way people lived in Egypt long ago.He was given permission to dig for some of the oldtombs in a place called the Valley of the Kings. 3 He hired4 an archeologist named HowardCarter to take charge . 5

For more than five years, the two men worked there with a group of diggers, but they foundvery little . Lord Carnarvon went back to England. Carter had almost lost hope of making animportant discovery. But he kept on with the work.

Then one day in the fall of 1922 , one of his workers uncovered something that looked like astep cut into a rocky hill. He brushed away6 some loose stones and saw a second step below.It took four days to clear sixteen steps leading down into the hill. At the bottom of the steps,there was a wall of stone blocks. On the wall, they found the seal of a king called Tutankhamen.

When Lord Carnarvon heard the news, he sailed on the first ship to Egypt. They began thework of clearing out7 the tomb. It had to be done so carefully that it took six years to finish thejob!

There were four rooshunting bows, and even his gold-trimmed sandals. All these things were put near the king incase he should need them in his own special afterworld.

The fourth room held a huge , carved coffin. In it, there were three more coffins, one inside theother. The last one was made of gold, and in it was the body of Tutankhamen. The body hadbeen prepared with chemicals and was tightly wrapped in cloth. A body that is protected in thisway is called a mummy. There were three layers of cloth wrappings on the body, and a mask ofpure gold.

All the things found in the tomb were taken to museu"TEXT-INDENT: 2em">But most important of all is the meaning of the objects the"TEXT-INDENT: 2em">阅读自测

Ⅰ. The following a re the meanings of the words in the passage , and try to fin d the correctwords:

1. to employ———

2. to fold, bind———

3. to collect, gather———

4. agreement, approval———

5. to go by river, set out on a voyage———

Ⅱ. According to the p as sage , fill in the blanks with proper words or phrases :

1. Lord Carnarvon, who was not an_______ , employed Howard Carter to take_______ .

2. Without finding anything, Lord Carnavon went back to England while Carter_______ with it.

3. In the fall of _______, Carter and his workers found the tomb of Tutankhamen. The tombwas_______ with many valuable things, which were put near the king in case he should needthem in his special_______ .

4. It was really a tough job to_______ the tomb for it took them six years to finish it.

5. The body that is protected with chemicals and tightly wrapped in cloth is called a_______ .

6. All the things found in the tomb were taken to_______ to let the archaeologists study. Itssignificance is that the objects show how people lived in_______ more than 3 , 000 years ago.

参考答案

Ⅰ. 1. hire 2 . wrap 3. pile 4 . permission 5 . sail

Ⅱ. 1. archeologist / charge 2 . kept on 3 . 1922 /piled / afterworld 4. clear out 5. mummy 6 .museu"TEXT-INDENT: 2em">参考译文

古埃及陵墓之谜

古埃及的国王们非常有钱有势,而且他们的陵墓也显现出他们的生活状况。考古学家们已经寻找这些墓群好多年了。有一个人英格兰的卡纳冯勋爵,并不是考古学家,可他对远古时期埃及居民的生活方式非常感兴趣。他获得许可,在一个叫帝王谷的地方发 掘某些古墓,还雇了一位名叫霍华德· 卡特的考古学家来负责此事。

这两人与一群挖掘工在那儿工作了五年多,可收获甚微。卡纳冯勋爵返回了英格兰。虽然卡特对发现重要文物几乎不抱什么希望了,但是他仍继续工作。

1922 年秋季的一天,一个工人挖到一些东西,那东西看起来很像是切入岩石山的一级台阶。霍华德拨开一些松动的石块,看到下面又有一级台阶。清理出通向小山深处的地下的十六级台阶花去了四天的时间。在最下面的一级台阶旁,有一堵石墙。在这堵墙上,他们发现了图坦卡蒙国王的封戳。

卡纳冯勋爵一听到这个消息就搭乘最早一班航船驶回埃及。随后,他们开始对文物进行挖掘清理。他们清理得非常仔细,总共花了六年的时间才完工!

陵墓内有四间墓室,其中三间都堆满了箱子、花瓶、珠宝和其他许多漂亮的物品,还有一把金御座,很多辆金战车,国王狩猎用的弓,甚至还有镶金边的拖鞋。所有这些都放在国王身旁,以备他自己在与众不同的阴世生活所需。

第四间墓室内存放着一口巨大的带有雕刻图案的棺材。这口棺材里面一个套一个地放了三层棺材。最内层的那个由黄金制成,里面放着图坦卡蒙的尸体。尸体经过化学物品的处理,紧紧地裹在布里。以这种方式保存的尸体就是木乃伊。图坦卡蒙的尸体裹了三层 布,脸上戴着一幅纯金面具。

在陵墓里发现的所有物品都被送到了博物馆,从此考古学家们一直致力于此项研究。因为图坦卡蒙是位国王,他遗留下的所有东西都很漂亮也很贵重,黄金本身就价值不菲。但是,最重要的还是物品本身的内涵。这些物品展现了三千多年前埃及人民的生活状况。

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