Life In Ancient Rome
The ancient Romans are probably best rememberedas fighters. Fighting was certainly one of theirfavourite activities. According to the legend, the cityof Rome was founded by the twin sons of Mars —the God of War. 1 The Romans were such successfulfighters that no one could resist them. At itsheight2, the Roman Empire stretched from Britain inthe west to Persia in the east, and from Germany in the north down to Africa. The most famousRoman leaders were soldiers —Agrippa , Hadrian, Mark Antony and Julius Caesar3 and thegreatest works of Roman literature described many battles these leaders fought.
Even in peacetime the most popular form of sport in Rome was a battle between twoprofessional fighters called gladiators. These men fought each other with swords and spears.Usually one gladiator killed the other. Gladiators also fought wild animals for the amusementof the Roman crowds. Such entertainments were called circuses, and it was often saidthat“bread and circuses”4 were the only two things the Romans needed to be happy.
But the Romans did not spend all their time fighting. They were great builders. They builtwonderful temples and public squares, heated baths and leisure centers, huge arches5 tocelebrate the victories of their generals, and fine private houses, decorated with statues,fountains and mosaics. Their ideas of town planning were very advanced. The roads they builtwere stright and strong. In many parts of Europe, Roman roads are still in use. 6
Ⅰ. According to the p as sage , fill in the blanks with proper words:
1. One of the favourite activities in ancient Rome was_____________ .
2. The entertainments that gladiators fought wild animals for amusement were called circuses,so there was a saying that_____________ and_____________ were the only two things theRomans needed to be happy.
3. Romans were great builders. They built wonderful_____________ and public squares, heatedhouses and_____________ and huge arches.
4. The Roman Empire was a wide state and it stretched from_____________ in the west toPersia in the_____________ , and from Germany in the north down to _______
Ⅱ. Question :
List two proverbs which are in relation to Rome.
Ⅰ. 1. fighting 2. bread / circuses 3 . temples / leisurecenters 4. Britain / east / Africa Ⅱ. The die is cast.All roads lead to Rome.
古罗马人最为出名的可能要算斗士。搏斗理所当然地成为他们深爱的运动项目之一。据传说记载， 罗马城是由战神马耳斯的双胞胎儿子所建。罗马人都是战功赫赫的斗士， 所向无敌。罗马帝国鼎盛时期，其疆域向西扩展至不列颠，东到波斯，自北面的德国向南直达非洲。罗马最著名的领袖———阿格里帕、哈德良、马克· 安东尼、尤利乌斯· 恺撒都是斗 士，而且罗马文学中最伟大的著作对这些领袖指挥的战斗都有所描述。
但是，罗马人并没把所有时间都花在搏斗上。他们也是伟大的建设者。他们建造了奇 特的庙宇、公共广场、温泉浴场、休闲中心、庆祝将军们凯旋而归的巨大拱门，以及装饰有雕 像、喷泉和镶嵌图案的漂亮的私人会所。罗马人的城市规划思想非常先进。他们修造的道路笔直而且坚固。在现代欧洲的许多地方，罗马人修筑的道路仍在使用。